Current Issue (Vol 5, March-April 2018 Issue)
 
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EDITORIAL MESSAGE
EDITORIAL MESSAGE
Tejavathi Nagaraj
Full Text PDF | Abstract

ABSTRACT

From Editor’s Desk
As Hippocrates once said “Healing is a matter of time but also sometimes a matter of opportunity.”

 
EDITORIAL
Evolution of classification systems of odontogenic tumors: An enigma
S. Ratheesh Kumar Nandan
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.201

ABSTRACT

Odontogenic tumors are the diverse group comprising of benign and malignant neoplasms to hamartomatous lesions. There has been a constant change in the classification systems ever since Broca’s classified in the year 1867. Later, the WHO classified these odontogenic tumors in the year 1971. In these classification systems, there were omissions and updating of lesions by the WHO.

How to cite this article: Nandan SRK. Evolution of classification systems of odontogenic tumors: An enigma. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018;5: 24-24.

 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Prevalence of bifid mandibular canal and its relationship with third molar in Indian population: A retrospective analysis
Saurabh Singh, Vineeth K, Kavitha Prasad, Vaibhav Gupta, Sushma M N Sonale
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.202

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The location, configuration, and variations of mandibular canal such as bifid/trifid/double mandibular canals play a significant role in performing surgical procedures in the mandible. The study was aimed to assess the prevalence of bifid mandibular canals using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective study on CBCT images of full skull or mandible of patients, taken during the period from May 2014 to April 2016, was carried out. Images with any gross pathology involving mandible were excluded. CBCTs were examined by a single examiner for presence, type of bifid mandibular canal, and the relationship of bifid mandibular canal with the third molar.

Results: A total of 408 CBCTs were examined, out of which 23 exhibited bifid mandibular canal with the prevalence of 5.63%. Type 2BC was the most common type of bifid mandibular canal. All the CBCTs showing Type 1U and 1B bifid mandibular canals, 33.3% of Type 2UC and 25% of Type 2BC bifid mandibular canals exhibited Class B relationship with the third molar.

Conclusion: Suspicion of bifid mandibular canal on a screening orthopantomogram should be confirmed by CBCT. Assessment of the type of bifid mandibular canal will help in treatment planning of mandibular surgical procedures.

Keywords: Accessory mandibular foramen, accessory mental foramen, bifid mandibular canal, cone beam computed tomography, molar third

How to cite this article: Singh S, Vineeth K, Prasad K, Gupta V, Sonale SMN. Prevalence of bifid mandibular canal and its relationship with third molar in Indian population: A retrospective analysis. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 25-29.

Received 02 Januray 2018;

Accepted 28 February 2018

 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation of tulasi extract mouthwash in the management of oral candidiasis
Rajeshwari G. Annigeri, G. K. Mangala, J. Thimmasetty, Neha Sharma, Varsha Kanjani, G. Sravya
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.203

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of mouthwash containing tulasi (Ocimum sanctum) extract on oral candidiasis.

Methodology: Minimum inhibitory concentration of tulasi extract was determined, and Tulasi mouthwash was prepared using 4% of the extract. A total of 90 patients with clinically diagnosed oral candidiasis were randomly allocated to chlorhexidine and tulasi groups. Pre- and post-oral symptoms such as burning sensation and altered taste were recorded using a VAS scale of 0-10. Patients were asked to rinse 10 mL of mouthwash thrice daily for 2-3 min for 7 days after food. Smear from oral candidal lesions before and after the treatment was taken, and colony-forming units (CFUs) were calculated.

Results: The patients with oral candidiasis showed significant reduction in burning sensation and improvement in taste perception. CFU showed a significant reduction in both groups pre- and post-treatment. Tulasi showed statistically significant improvements over chlorhexidine.

Conclusion: As tulasi was found to be more effective against oral candidiasis, it can be considered as viable substitute for synthetic drugs.

Keywords: Chlorhexidine, mouth wash, oral candidiasis, tulasi

How to cite this article: Annigeri RG, Mangala GK, Thimmasetty J, Sharma N, Kanjani V, Sravya G. Evaluation of tulasi extract mouthwash in the management of oral candidiasis.: A mini review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 30-34

Received: 10 January 2018;

Accepted: 28 February 2018

 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Modern advancements in histopathological diagnosis: A mini review
P. Narendranatha Reddy
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.204

ABSTRACT

Histopathological diagnosis has dramatically improved with the advent of telepathology. The use of smartphones with WhatsApp application has become a useful tool in diagnostic and research pathology. Machine learning will emerge as the future of health care as disease prediction models can diagnose flawlessly and systematically approach the therapeutics. This will open up new avenues for computational exploration of a disease process and may get integrated into mainstream diagnostic histopathology in the near future. This review discusses about the modern advancements in histopathological diagnosis in the recent years.

Keywords: Histopathology, machine learning, telepathology, WhatsApp

How to cite this article: Reddy PN. Modern advancements in histopathological diagnosis: A mini review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 35-37

Received: 12 January 2018;

Accepted: 18 March 2018

 
REVIEW ARTICLE
VIRTOPSY: An emerging tool
Tejavathi Nagaraj, Haritma Nigam, Sita Gogula, C. K. Sumana, Arundhati Biswas
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.205

ABSTRACT

Forensic odontology has been an upcoming branch in forensic medicine for personal identification. Currently, new technologies and advances are upcoming in forensic medicine. Autopsy was used as diagnostic tool in the ancient era, but now virtopsy appears to be a modification of autopsy in which pictorial, photographic, and radiological evidences are composed altogether through imaging. It utilizes images which provide an effective and more precise explanation in every case. This is a review article which apprises on the beginning, applications of virtopsy in dentistry.

Keywords: Forensic, imaging, virtopsy

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Nigam H, Gogula S, Sumana CK, Biswas A. VIRTOPSY: An emerging tool. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 38-40

Received: 05 January 2018;

Accepted: 08 February 2018

 
CASE REPORT
Tubercular osteomyelitis of the condyle and ramus of the mandible: A case report
Gururajaprasad Kaggal Lakshmana Rao, Sneha Rao
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.206

ABSTRACT

Tubercular osteomyelitis most commonly affects the spine but can involve any bone including ribs, pelvis, and long bones. Over 15 cases with involvement of the mandible have also been reported, and mostly involve the body of the mandible. Tubercular osteomyelitisof the mandibular condyle and ramus is very rare, and only three cases have been reported so far. Here, we present a 27-year-old otherwise healthy adult male, who presented with a painless swelling of his right jaw associated with severe trismus. The patient did not have any pulmonary or constitutional symptoms, and the chest radiograph showed no evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis. MRI of the face showed osteomyelitis affecting the mandibular condyle and the ramus. Ultrasound-guided aspiration of the lesion showed caseating necrosis suggestive of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Following drainage of the abscess cavity, the patient received antitubercular therapy for 6 months which led to complete remission.

Keywords: Osteomyelitis condyle and ramus, osteomyelitis mandible, primary tuberculosis, tubercular osteomyelitis

How to cite this article: Rao GKL, Rao S. Tubercular osteomyelitis of the condyle and ramus of the mandible: A case report. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 41-43.

Received 11 January 2018;

Accepted 10 March 2018

 
CASE REPORT
Peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma – A case report
Tejavathi Nagaraj, Swati Saxena, Noori Ghouse, Poonam Sahu, Arundhati Biswas
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.207

ABSTRACT

Peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma (PCOF) is an osteogenic neoplasm which is rare and is usually present as an epulis-like growth. It is of a reactive nature rather than a neoplastic growth. Its pathogenesis is uncertain. Predominantly, it affects adolescent and young adults with greatest prevalence around 20-30 years. Here, we report a rare clinical case of PCOF of the mandible with a history of just 2 months, occurring in a 23-year-old male involving the dentulous mandibular anterior region.

Keywords: Cementifying fibroma, gingival overgrowth, granuloma, irritational fibroma, peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Saxena S, Ghouse N, Sahu P, Biswas A. Peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma - A case report. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 44-47.

Received: 21 January 2018;

Accepted: 14 March 2018

 
CASE REPORT
Osteosarcoma of the jaw - An unusual case report
Haritma Nigam, Tejavathi Nagaraj, Sita Gogula, Swati Saxena
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.208

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of tumors of jaw bones is very less among all types of neoplasms. Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent of primary malignant bone tumor producing osteoid or bone. On comparing to long bones, it occurs occasionally in the jaws and accounts for about 4% of the tumor. In jaw bones, it represents a discrete group of lesions from the conventional type generally occurring in long bones. OS of the maxilla is rarer preferably present in the posterior portion of the alveolar process and the antrum, however, in mandible body is most frequently involved followed by angle, symphysis, and ascending ramus. This article presented a rarer case of OS of maxilla in a 47-year-old male patient. We gave final diagnosis on the basis of clinical features in combination of occlusal radiograph and panoramic radiograph and histology report

Keywords: Maxilla, neoplasms, osteosarcoma

How to cite this article: Nigam H, Nagaraj T, Gogula S, Saxena S. Osteosarcoma of the jaw - An unusual case report. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 48-51.

Received: 08 March 2018;

Accepted: 11 April 2018

 
CASE REPORT
Primary intraosseous carcinoma in the parasymphyseal region of mandible: A case report and review
G. Deepthi, Batchu Pavan Kumar, Vidya Rani Vuyyuru, S. R. K. Nandan
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.209

ABSTRACT

Primary intraosseous carcinoma (PIOC) or primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma is a rare and unique tumor, which occurs within the jawbones without any connection with the oral mucosa. Etiology of PIOCs is not clear, although they are presumed to be arising from the odontogenic epithelial rests or from direct transformation of odontogenic epithelium. The present case report is of a 56-year-old male patient with the complaint of swelling in the edentulous region of 44, which on radiographic evaluation and histopathological examination is diagnosed as de novo PIOC.

Keywords: Intra alveolar epidermoid carcinoma, primary intraosseous carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma

How to cite this article: Deepthi G, Kumar BP, Vuyyuru VR, Nandan SRK. Primary intraosseous carcinoma in the parasymphyseal region of mandible: A case report and review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018; 5: 52-55.

Received: 14 March 2018;

Accepted: 29 April 2018

 
CASE REPORT
Oral lichenoid reaction on right buccal mucosa: A case report
Tejavathi Nagaraj, Swati Saxena, Haritma Nigam, Arundhati Biswas, Poonam Sahu
Full Text HTML | Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.210

ABSTRACT

Oral lichenoid reactions (OLRs) have been considered as variants of oral lichen planus (OLP) and can be regarded as a disease per se, or it can be considered as an exacerbation of a pre-existing OLP by the presence of medication or dental materials. OLRs represent a type IV hypersensitivity reaction and mostly affect the oral mucosa when comes in direct contact with drugs or dental materials. OLRs can cause functional difficulty and significant discomfort in the patients, and hence, oral physicians should be aware of such reactions, its etiology, site of occurrence, diagnosis, and management. Here, we report a case of OLR of the right buccal mucosa associated with the placement of a lozenge for sore throat in the region of lower buccal vestibule and mucosa. Healing of the lesion was noted following the disuse of lozenge in that area.

Keywords: Lichenoid reaction, lozenge, oral lichen planus

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Saxena S, Nigam H, Biswas A, Sahu P. Oral lichenoid reaction on right buccal mucosa: A case report. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018;5:56-57.

Received: 18 March 2018;

Accepted: 21 April 2018

 
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