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1.  CASE REPORT
Twin talon cusp - A case report with review of literature
A.H. Harini Priya, Natraj Priyadarshini
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.195 | No of Hits : 910

ABSTRACT

Talons cusp is one developmental anomaly of the tooth that shows varied presentation as mentioned in the literature. The occurrence of talons cusp in the palatal aspect of the maxillary teeth has been the most common of all. These cases tend to occur due to hyperactivity of the enamel organ. The occurrence of this developmental defect in turn can lead to alteration in normal structure and function of the tooth. Hereby, we are reporting a rare occurrence of twin Talon’s cusp involving the palatal aspect of maxillary central incisor.

Keywords: Accessory cusp, dens evaginatus, maxilla, permanent incisor, talon, tooth anomaly

How to cite this article: Priya AHH, Priyadarshini N. Twin talon cusp - A case report with review of literature. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2018;5:6-8.

Received: 01 December 2017;

Accepted: 08 January 2017

 
2.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Host modulation therapy: An updated review
S. Ipshita, Ida Grace Kurian, P. Dileep, C. N. Guruprasad, Priyanka Singh, A. R. Pradeep
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 2304

ABSTRACT

Chronic periodontitis is a polymicrobial inflammatory disease of multifactorial origin. Microbial biofilm and associated host responses are involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. The host response is essentially protective by intent but paradoxically can also result in tissue damage. With increasing awareness and understanding of host-microbial interaction in periodontal pathogenesis has lead the use of pharmacotherapeutic agents including antimicrobial therapy as well as host modulatory therapy for the management of periodontitis. Host modulation therapy has emerged in recent years as a valid treatment concept for the management of periodontal disease and represents a significant step forward for the clinician as well as patients with periodontal disease. This review aims at focusing on various host modulatory therapies that have been developed or proposed to modulate host responses for the treatment of periodontitis.

Keywords: Bisphosphonates, chronic periodontitis, host response, interleukins, matrix metalloproteinases, statins

How to cite this article: Ipshita S, Kurian IG, Dileep P, Guruprasad CN, Singh P, Pradeep AR. Host modulation therapy: An updated review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:55-58.

Received: 12 March 2017;

Accepted: 20 April 2017

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Estimation of arecoline content of various forms of areca nut preparations by high-pressure thin-layer chromatography
Dipti Dutta, C. Ramanna, V. V. Kamath
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 1791

ABSTRACT

Background: Areca nut and its commercial preparations such as pan masala have been causatively linked in the disorder oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Arecoline, major alkaloid of areca nut, is involved in stimulating fibrosis through transforming growth factor beta pathway. Areca consumed in various forms and with additives alters the arecoline content of the nut.

Aims: Estimation of levels of arecoline in various areca nut preparations consumed in the country (raw, boiled, and roasted) along with commercially prepared sample of areca nut (pan masala).

Materials and Methods: Estimation and validation were performed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography system (CAMAG® Muttenz, Switzerland). Four samples of 5 g each of raw, roasted, boiled, and pan masala containing areca nuts were assessed. Pure arecoline was used for validation as a control. Three runs of each with inter- and intra-day validations were carried out as per established protocols.

Results: Raw areca nut contains the highest concentration of arecoline (1.15 ± 0.008) followed by pan masala preparations (0.94 ± 0.006), least content in boiled areca nut (0.79 ± 0.009), while roasted variety exhibited an intermediate level (0.85 ± 0.007).

Conclusions: Alteration of contents of the areca nut has great implications in its capacity to induce the potentially malignant disorder of OSF. The use of raw areca nuts in commercial preparations and well-known observations of greater incidence of the development of OSF and probable malignant transformation with these forms is probably related to their arecoline content.

Keywords: Arecoline, boiled areca nut, high-pressure thin-layer chromatography, pan masala, raw areca nut, roasted areca nut

How to cite this article: Dutta D, Ramanna C, Kamath VV. Estimation of arecoline content of various forms of areca nut preparations by high-pressure thin-layer chromatography. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:31-37.

Received: 02 Feb 2017;

Accepted: 28 March 2017

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Assessment of age changes and gender differences based on anthropometric measurements of ear: A cross-sectional study
Sivakumar Yoga, John Balaih, Vishwanath Rangdhol, S. Vandana, Swetha Paulose, L. Kavya
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 1316

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the age changes and gender differences based on anthropometric measurements of the ear and to create a database for the reported population.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 200 individuals who reported to private dental teaching hospital as outpatient. The study population was explained about the procedure, and informed consent was obtained. The size of the auricle was measured bilaterally. The study population was subdivided into three subgroups. Group I included individuals between 20 and 39 years, Group II between 40 and 59 years, and Group III above 60 years.

Results: The total ear index among women with mean and standard deviation was 4.97 ± 0.6 cm, and men were 5.02 ± 0.4 cm. The lobe index among men with mean and standard deviation was 1.153 ± 0.0163 cm, and women were 1.243 ± 0.0147 cm with a significant P < 0.0001.

Conclusion: The anthropometric measurements of ear index were higher in men than women, with no age changes after 20 years of age for both men and women. Hence, this data are considered reliable and can be used for various purpose including forensics, identification, plastic surgeries, and research.

Keywords: Anthropometric measurement, ear index, external ear, lobe index, sexual dimorphism

How to cite this article: Yoga S, Balaih J, Rangdhol V, Vandana S, Paulose S, Kavya L. Assessment of age changes and gender differences based on anthropometric measurements of ear: A cross-sectional study. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:92-95.

Received: 11 May 2017;

Accepted: 12 June 2017

 
5.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Porcelain laminate veneers: A review
Meenakshy Hari, Shwetha Poovani
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 852

ABSTRACT

The evolution of porcelain veneers started by Pincus, who attached thin labial porcelain veneers temporarily with denture adhesive powders to enhance the appearance of Hollywood stars close-up photographs has now became one among the most recommended treatment for a dentist and a requested treatment by many of the patients. They are considered as the first alternative to improve the esthetics of the anterior teeth and by consequent-related quality of life. Successful results of porcelain veneers depend on the clinical and laboratory steps involved, along with the understanding of the scientific background of procedure. Therefore, porcelain veneers have to be reviewed and discussed in detail. The purpose of this article is to review literature and present important parameters such as case selection, shade selection, tooth preparation, provisionalization, cementation, and patient maintenance for long-term success of porcelain veneers.

Key words: Esthetics, bonding, laminate veneers, provisionalization

How to cite this article: Hari M, Poovani S. Porcelain laminate veneers: A review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017; 4:187-190.

Received: 01 September 2017;

Accepted: 01 December 2017

 
6.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Oral biopsy in general dental practice
Santosh Hunasgi, Anila Koneru, Vardendra Manvikar, Rudraraju Amrutha, K. M. Parveen Reddy
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 815

ABSTRACT

Proper management of a patient with any oral lesion begins by means of a precise diagnosis. The existing golden criterion for identification is the histopathologic assessment of a tissue biopsy of the doubtful lesion. This is mainly depending on the clinician undertaking a suitable biopsy and providing sufficient medical information, and on the pathologist accurately interprets the biopsy result. Thus, this article focuses on the procedures to undertake biopsy in general dental practice.

Key words: Biopsy, complications, punch, procedure, transport

How to cite this article: Hunasgi S, Koneru A, Manvikar V, Amrutha R, Reddy KMP. Oral biopsy in general dental practice. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:162-165.

Received: 10 July 2017;

Accepted: 14 August 2017

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Physical and psychological distress - trigeminal neuralgia: A case report
M. K. Navya, G. P. Sujatha, L. Ashok
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 646

ABSTRACT

A 45-year-old female patient had reported with a complaint of pain for 8 months. On thorough history taking and clinical examination, we were able to confirm the final diagnosis as trigeminal neuralgia (TN). This article has a case report and review of literature on history, pathophysiology, clinical features, and therapeutics of TN.

Keywords: Carbamazepine, nerve demyelination, trigeminal neuralgia

How to cite this article: Navya MK, Sujatha GP, Ashok L. Physical and psychological distress - trigeminal neuralgia: A case report. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:72-75.

Received: 02 March 2017;

Accepted: 25 April 2017

 
8.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Forensic radiology: An emerging science
Sanjana Tarani, S. Swetha Kamakshi, Vathsala Naik, Amandeep Sodhi
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 617

ABSTRACT

Forensic maxillofacial radiology is a specialized area of medical imaging in which radiological techniques are utilized to assist physicians and pathologists in situations pertaining to the law. Radiology has a wide arena of usage in forensics in terms of dental identification, identification based on anatomy, and using various maxillofacial skeletal landmarks. Since the radiographs are the quick, easy, simple, inexpensive and nondestructive method of obtaining information about age, sex, race of the victim, it is an indispensable aid in identification. With the advancement of newer technologies, more accurate information is obtained for identification as well as in the facial reconstruction of the unknown deceased person. This paper, therefore, aims to revisit the role of oral and maxillofacial radiology in forensic science where radiographic methodologies play a pivotal role to determine identity using the tooth and its associated orofacial structures in conjunction with advanced imaging modalities such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging which are gradually being added to the forensic arsenal.

Keywords: Dental identification, dental profiling, forensic radiology

How to cite this article: Tarani S, Kamakshi SS, Naik V, Sodhi A. Forensic radiology: An emerging science. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:59-63.

Received: November 2016;

Revised: January 2017

 
9.  Review Article
Functional anatomy and biomechanics of temporomandibular joint and the far-reaching effects of its disorders
Chaya M. David, P. Elavarasi
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 5142

ABSTRACT

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is pivotal in the normal functions such as mastication, speech, esthetics, and overall wellbeing. However, a thorough knowledge of this joint, its anatomy and functional biomechanics is essential for the correct analysis of several of its disorders. It is important to understand the far-reaching effects of any disorder in its anatomy, function, and the psychological impact on the patients. This article takes us through the normal anatomy and functions of the joint and a brief review of its far-reaching effects which at times may sound very vague; however, such knowledge will help to look into a new arena of managing disorders of the TMJ.

Keywords Anatomy, biomechanics, temporomandibular disorders, temporomandibular joint

How to cite this article: David CM, Elavarasi P. Functional anatomy and biomechanics of temporomandibular joint and the far-reaching effects of its disorders. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2016;3:101-106.

 
10.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Provisional restorations: An overview of materials used
T. Nigel Tom, M. A. Uthappa, Kiran Sunny, Fouzia Begum, Mansi Nautiyal, Shraddha Tamore
Full Text PDF | Abstract | No of Hits : 4134

ABSTRACT

Provisional restorations are an important phase in the treatment procedure for fixed provisional restoration. Without a temporary the final treatment aspect cannot be judged as we can predict the design failures beforehand as the temporary restoration replicates the final restoration. A temporary also helps the patient as he does not need to compromise esthetically till he receives the final restoration. Here, various techniques and materials available for a fabricating a provisional restoration are explained.

Keywords: Autopolymerized resin, bis-acryl composite, light cure resin, poly-ethyl methacrylate, provisional restoration

How to cite this article: Tom NT, Uthappa MA, Sunny K, Begum F, Nautiyal M, Tamore S. Provisional restorations: An overview of materials used. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2016;3:212-214.

Received 1 October 2016;

Accepted 20 October 2016

 
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