Journal of Advanced Clinical and Research Insights

1.EDITORIAL

Combating the noiseless wave of poor oral health

Santosh Hunasgi
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:170] [No. of Hits: 185]
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  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.186]

ABSTRACT

Oral health is not presently regarding healthy teeth nevertheless it is vital to general health. However, secure and efficient procedures exist for preventing the majority of frequent dental diseases such as Dental caries and Periodontal diseases.[1]

2.ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Evaluation and comparison of bond strength and the effect of ingredients of two high-palladium alloys with porcelain - An in vitro study

Sushant A. Pai, R. Keerthi, Sukanya Abigail, Neeraj Sharma
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:171–174] [No. of Hits: 188]
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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.187]

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the bond strength of porcelain with two commercially available high-palladium alloys (Option and Begopal).

Materials and Methods: A total of 20 wax patterns, 10 for each alloy were made and casting was carried out using the high-palladium alloys Option and Begopal. The cast specimen was subjected to sandblasting with 50 μm aluminum oxide and later cleaned with ultrasonic cleaner. Conventional degassing in the porcelain furnace was done. D1 shade of opaquer and dentine of total 2mm thickness were then fired over the degassed specimen. The metal-ceramic specimen of both groups of test samples was subjected to the evaluation of bond strength on a Universal Testing Machine.

Result: The Option high-palladium alloy exhibited higher bond strength values as compared to that of Begopal, though both showed more of a cohesive fracture as evaluated by the (scanning electrron microscope/energy dispersive spectrometric) study as well as visual examination. The statistical tests suggested that the Begopal alloy resulted in a weaker bond as compared to Option alloy.

Keywords: Begopal high-palladium alloy, bond strength of porcelain, high-palladium alloy, option high-palladium alloy

How to cite this article: Pai SA, Keerthi R, Abigail S, Nagaraj T. Evaluation and comparison of bond strength and the effect of ingredients of two high-palladium alloys with porcelain - An in vitro study. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017; 4:171-174.

Received: 23 September 2017;

Accepted: 28 October 2017

3.ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Antibacterial activity of curcumin (turmeric) against periopathogens - An in vitro evaluation

Rasika Shyam Bomdyal, Mona U. Shah, Yogesh S. Doshi, Vidhi A. Shah, Supriya P. Khirade
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:175–180] [No. of Hits: 586]
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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.188]

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic periodontitis, one of the main causes of tooth loss, is an inflammatory disease caused by periodontopathic bacteria in periodontal tissues. Among them, the red complex consisting of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia is considered to be important consortium in the progression of periodontitis. Since curcumin has antimicrobial, antioxidant, astringent, and other useful properties, pharmacological action and its therapeutic role are quite useful in dentistry also.

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the antibacterial potential of curcumin, against standard strains of common periopathogens.

Materials and Methods: The bacterial strains, namely, P. gingivalis (ATCC 33277), Prevotella intermedia (ATCC 25611), and T. forsythia (ATCC 43037) were cultured on thioglycolate broth, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (ATCC 29523) was cultured on Brain Heart Infusion Broth. Minimum inhibitory concentration was determined, by serial broth dilution of curcumin to 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.5, 3.12, 1.6, 0.8, 0.4, and 0.2 mg/ml, respectively. The tubes were then incubated for 48 h at 37°C.

Results: Curcumin impeded the growth of P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, T. forsythia, and A. actinomycetemcomitans in a dose-dependent manner and suppressed completely at low concentrations of curcumin.

Key words: Antibacterial activity, curcumin, minimum inhibitory concentrationConclusion: Curcumin has a property of antibacterial activity against periodontopathic bacteria and may be effective agent for preventing periodontal diseases.

How to cite this article: Bomdyal RS, Shah MU, Doshi YS, Shah VA, Khirade SP. Antibacterial activity of curcumin (turmeric) against periopathogens - An in vitro evaluation. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017;4:175-180.

Received: 01 September 2017;

Accepted: 10 November 2017

4.REVIEW ARTICLE

Speaking the same language in health professions education

Manoharan P. S, Sethuraman K.R, Adkoli B.V, Saravana Kumar R
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:181–186] [No. of Hits: 247]
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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.189]

ABSTRACT

A common understanding of the terms used in the field is very important, especially in the field of science. In health professions education, the inadvertent use of terms in inappropriate context can lead to deleterious effects. The use of wrongly conveyed terms in planning, teaching-learning activity, or evaluation can cause ambiguity, confusion, and misinterpretation. Reform in any field gets initiated and progress only if the shared knowledge is well defined. In health professions education, many terms are been loosely used without realizing the impact it could cause to the field. The paper is intended to unravel some of the commonly misused and misinterpreted terms. The collection of terms presented in the paper is based on extensive experience and encounters in various educational settings rather than what is documented in the literature.

Key words: Assessment, competence, evaluation, outcome, quality control

How to cite this article: Manoharan PS, Sethuraman KR, Adkoli BV, Kumar RS. Speaking the same language in health p rofessions education. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017; 4:181-186.

Received: 11 September 2017;

Accepted: 20 November 2017

5.REVIEW ARTICLE

Porcelain laminate veneers: A review

Meenakshy Hari, Shwetha Poovani
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:187–190] [No. of Hits: 3518]
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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.190]

ABSTRACT

The evolution of porcelain veneers started by Pincus, who attached thin labial porcelain veneers temporarily with denture adhesive powders to enhance the appearance of Hollywood stars close-up photographs has now became one among the most recommended treatment for a dentist and a requested treatment by many of the patients. They are considered as the first alternative to improve the esthetics of the anterior teeth and by consequent-related quality of life. Successful results of porcelain veneers depend on the clinical and laboratory steps involved, along with the understanding of the scientific background of procedure. Therefore, porcelain veneers have to be reviewed and discussed in detail. The purpose of this article is to review literature and present important parameters such as case selection, shade selection, tooth preparation, provisionalization, cementation, and patient maintenance for long-term success of porcelain veneers.

Key words: Esthetics, bonding, laminate veneers, provisionalization

How to cite this article: Hari M, Poovani S. Porcelain laminate veneers: A review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017; 4:187-190.

Received: 01 September 2017;

Accepted: 01 December 2017

6.REVIEW ARTICLE

Zirconia: Properties and casting procedures: A review article

Divya Rani P, Sushant A. Pai, Keerthi R
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:191–194] [No. of Hits: 327]
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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.191]

ABSTRACT

Zirconia (ZrO2) is widely used in orthopedics, in the recent past, it has also become one of the preferred among prosthetic dentists, due to its favorable properties. ZrO2 was introduced to prosthetic dentistry about 30 years back; however, its use as in dental implants was reported only in 2004. This review article presents and briefly compares the mechanical properties of ZrO2, various types of ZrO2 ceramics, and the key processing techniques.

Key words: Dental implants, dental prosthetics, types of zirconia, zirconia casting procedures, zirconia in implants, zirconia

How to cite this article: Divyarani P, Pai SA, Keerthi R. Zirconia: Properties and casting procedures: A review article. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017; 4: 191-194.

Received: 21 October 2017;

Accepted: 02 December 2017

7.REVIEW ARTICLE

Tissue engineering, an emerging field in dentistry - A review

Tejavathi Nagaraj, Swati Saxena, Poonam Sahu, Arundhati Biswas, Sita Gogula
[Year:2017] [Month:November-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:6] [Pages No:195–198] [No. of Hits: 179]
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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jcri.192]

ABSTRACT

The branch of tissue engineering has emerged as a new scientific field which enlightened many new approaches to the vital pulp therapy. The main objective of this field is to regenerate the tooth-tissue structure as well as the function with the help of interactions between the three key elements, i.e. stem cells, scaffolds, and morphogens. In this technique, various principles of biology, medicine, and engineering are combined for regeneration and/or repair of a damaged tissue or organ. This review article gives an insight into the basic concepts of tissue engineering and strategies so far studied. Furthermore, this article focuses on the key elements which are used in tissue engineering and the clinical approaches that can be applied in dentistry.

Keywords: Bioreactor, morphogens, scaffolds, stem cells, tissue engineering in dentistry

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Saxena S, Sahu P, Biswas A, Gogula S. Tissue engineering, an emerging field in dentistry - A review. J Adv Clin Res Insights 2017; 4:195-198.

Received: 11 September 2017;

Accepted: 22 November 2017